Dyab YOUTUBE

Wednesday, April 20, 2005

100 Years Of Conclave Of The Roman Catholic Church


Pope Benedict XVI
Originally uploaded by Radyo Patrol.

Other Conclaves In The Past 100 Years

The new pope, Benedict XVI, was elected Tuesday after one of the quickest papal elections of the past century. A look at those conclaves:

___
July 31-Aug. 4, 1903: Italian Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto (Pius X) elected on seven ballots over four days. Sixty-two of 64 cardinals participated. Nations: Italy, 38; France, seven; Austria-Hungary, five; Spain, five; Germany, three, and one each from Belgium, Ireland, Portugal and United States.
___
Aug. 31-Sept. 3, 1914: Italian Cardinal Giacomo della Chiesa (Benedict XV) elected on 10th ballot on third day. Fifty-six of 65 cardinals participated. Cardinals from Boston, Baltimore and Quebec arrived after the election. Cardinals taking part were Italy, 30; France, six; Spain, five; Austria-Hungary, four; England, two; Germany, two; Portugal, two, and one each from Belgium, Brazil, Netherlands, Ireland and United States.
___
Feb. 2-6, 1922: Italian Cardinal Achille Ratti (Pius XI) elected on 14th ballot on fifth day. Fifty-three of 60 cardinals participated. Cardinals from Boston, Philadelphia and Quebec arrived too late. Taking part were cardinals from Italy, 30; France, five; Spain, four; Germany, three; Austria, two; England, two; Poland, two, and one each from Belgium, Netherlands, Hungary, Ireland and Portugal.
___
March 1-2, 1939: Italian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (Pius XII) elected on third ballot on second day. All 62 cardinals participated. Italy, 35; France, six; Germany, three; Spain, three; United States, three and one each from Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, England, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Portugal and Syria.
___
Oct. 25-28, 1958: Italian Cardinal Angelo Roncalli (John XXIII) elected on 11th ballot on fourth day. Fifty-one of 53 cardinals participated. Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty of Hungary had taken asylum in the U.S. Embassy in Budapest, and Yugoslav Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac was under house arrest. Italy, 17; France, six; Brazil, three; Spain, three, two each from Argentina, Canada, West Germany and United States; one each from Australia, Belgium, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, India, Ireland, Mozambique, Poland, Portugal, Soviet Union and Syria.
___
June 19-21, 1963: Italian Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini (Paul VI) elected on sixth ballot on third day. Eighty of the 88 cardinals participated. Mindszenty was still in U.S. Embassy asylum. Italy, 29; France, eight; Spain, six; United States, five; Brazil, three; West Germany, three; Argentina, two; Canada, two; Portugal, two; and one each from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Chile, China, Colombia, Netherlands, India, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Scotland, Soviet Union, Syria, Tanzania, Uruguay and Venezuela.
___
Aug. 25-26, 1978: Italian Cardinal Albino Luciano (John Paul I) elected on fourth ballot on second day. A total of 111 cardinals from 49 nations and territories took part and three were absent because of illness; 15 cardinals could not join under new rule limiting vote age to under 80. Top nations: Italy, 26; United States, eight; France, seven; Brazil, six; West Germany, five; Spain, four; Argentina, three; Canada, three.
___
Oct. 14-16, 1978: Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla (John Paul II) elected on eighth ballot on third day to become first non-Italian pope since Adrian VI (1522-1523). A total of 111 cardinals from 49 nations and territories took part. Top nations: Italy, 25; United States, nine; France, seven; Brazil, six; West Germany, five; Spain, four; Argentina, three; Canada, three.


No comments: